Trip List for Extremadura, The Gredos Mountains
and The Duraton Gorge May 2005

Little Grebe: Seen on 5 occasions, with a maximum number of 15. Mainly on the reedy inlet ends of embalses.
Great Crested Grebe: Observed at 7 sites, again with with a maximum number of 15. Usually on embalses.
Great Cormorant: The embalse de Rosarita holds a large colony with up to 100 seen.
Little Bittern: A single bird viewed at the Embalse de Arrocampo.
Night Heron: A single bird at the Embalse de Azutan and two seen at the Embalse de Arrocampo.
Squacco Heron: Two birds at the reedy end of the Embalse de Arrocampo.
Cattle Egret: Common in suitable habitat.
Little Egret: Birds seen at the Embalses de Azutan, Rosarita and on the Belen Plains.
Grey Heron: Common in suitable habitat.
Purple Heron: A few birds present at the Embalse de Arrocampo with one seen at the Embalse de Azutan.
Bald Ibis: A rarity for Spain being the second record for the country found by Spanish birders at the small pond on the Belen Plains.
Black Stork: On the nest at Monfrague and in flight plus one other in fields close to the Embalse de Navalcan.
White Stork: Very common. Seen almost daily.
Gadwall: Flying over the Belen Plains near a small pond and on the Embalse de Talavan.
Mallard: Common in suitable habitat.
Northern Shoveler: A single male on the Embalse de Azutan.
Red-crested Pochard: Two birds in flight over the Embalse de Arrocampo.
Honey Buzzard: Observed on three occasions. All whilst travelling.
Black-winged Kite: One seen in flight on the Trujillo to Monroy road.
Black Kite: Seen every day with a maximum count of 50 birds.
Red Kite: Less common than the previous species but seen on 11 days with a maximum number of 6 birds.
Egyptian Vulture: Low numbers (up to 5 birds) seen at Monfrague, over the plains at Santa Marta de Magasca and at la Serena, plus singles in the Duraton Gorge.
Griffon Vulture: Observed most days in flight or in breeding areas at Monfrague and in the Duraton Gorge.
Black Vulture: Low numbers seen mostly at Monfrague or over the plains, although single birds were seen in flight over the mountains.
Short-toed Eagle: One, two or three birds viewed hunting at various locations with suitable habitat.
Marsh Harrier: Birds seen over the plains or reed beds at several embalses. A maximum of 6 were noted on the first day, mainly at the Embalse de Arrocampo.
Hen Harrier: Singles on the Trujillo to Monroy road and on the South Caceres Steppe and two at the Embalse de Azutan.
Montagues Harrier: Common over the plains.
Goshawk: One bird over the road up to Nogal del Barranco.
Sparrowhawk: Two birds seen in flight over the Oak woods in the Villuercas range.
Long-legged Buzzard: A third only record for Spain found on the Belen Plains.
Buzzard: Numbers of up to 10 seen on most days. Mainly along the roadside
Spanish Imperial Eagle: Two over the Embalse de Arrocampo, two at the nest site at the Portilla de Tietar in Monfrague and a single bird heading up to the Plataforma de Gredos.
Golden Eagle: One over the Belen Plains and another immature bird at the Puerto de Pico.
Booted Eagle: The commonest Eagle seen on 10 days.
Bonelli's Eagle: A single bird in flight from the Castillo de Monfrague.
Osprey: One bird on a post returning from the northern rice fields.
Lesser Kestrel: Irregular sightings over the plains but up to 20 birds in Trujillo where a colony nests on the bull ring.
Common Kestrel: Fairly common, seen most days.
Hobby: Two over the woods at Puente del Duque plus singles en route.
Peregrine Falcon: Always high in the mountains with one at the Cirque de Gredos and two at Los Nogal del Barranco.
Red-legged Partridge: Seen almost daily in suitable habitat.
Common Quail: Heard only at the Belen Plains and on the South Caceres Steppe.
Eurasian Coot: Mostly on embalses or other large bodies of water.
Common Moorhen: Found in similar areas to above.
Purple Swamp Hen: Only found at the Embalse de Arrocampo.
Little Bustard: Reasonably abundant on the plains but difficult to find.
Great Bustard: Birds viewed distantly on the Belen Plains (26), Trujillo to Monroy road (2), South Caceres Steppe (45), La Serena (20 and an unusual sighting of a bird in flight (1) from La Lagunilla.
Black winged Stilt: Usually low numbers present in the correct habitat such as the shore of embalses, except 15 seen on the rice fields near Gargaligas.
Stone Curlew: Two heard on the Ermita de San Frutos track.
Collared Pratincole: Approximately 20 birds gathering at a farm pool on La Serena.
Little Ringed Plover: Seen on four occasions in suitable habitat.
Ringed Plover: Two birds at the Embalse de Salor.
Lapwing: One at the Belen Plains and three at the Embalse de Salor.
Temminck's Stint: One at the Embalse de Salor.
Dunlin: One at the Embalse de Salor and two at the rice fields.
Black-tailed Godwit: Two feeding along the shore of the Embalse de Bravo.
Common Redshank: One at the rice fields.
Common Greenshank: Two birds at the rice fields.
Common Sandpiper: Singles or pairs at several embalses.
Black-headed Gull: Approximately 40 coming to roost on the Embalse de Bravo.
Lesser Black-backed Gull: One on the Embalse de Rosarita.
Yellow-legged Gull: Around 25 on the Embalse de Rosarita.
Gull-billed Tern: At the Embalse de Arrocampo, Embalse de Bravo and over the rice fields.
Little Tern: Four at the Embalse de Salor.
Black-bellied Sandgrouse: Seen only at La Serena.
Pin-tailed Sandgrouse: Eight near Santa Marta de Magasca and a further eight at La Serena.
Feral Pigeon: Common.
Stock Dove: Three at Casas de Miravette.
Wood Pigeon: Seen daily.
Collared Dove: Seen almost daily with a maximum of 20 birds.
Turtle Dove: One or two birds seen on 5 occasions in suitable habitat.
Great Spotted Cuckoo: One Bird observed on the Belen Plains, 10 on the Trujillo to Monroy road and a single bird in La Serena area.
Cuckoo: Seen almost daily with a maximum of 6 birds.
Barn Owl: One bird heard and seen flying over El Olivo.
Scops Owl: Heard regularly but none seen.
Eagle Owl: One adult and two young birds viewed well for several hours at the Portilla de Tietar.
Little Owl: Heard and seen at various locations on 8 separate days.
Tawny Owl: Heard only from La Lagunilla.
Nightjar: A single bird heard from La Lagunilla.
Red-necked Nightjar: Heard at Monfrague mainly close to the river near the Portilla de Tietar where a single bird was seen distantly across the river.
Alpine Swift: Mainly seen at Monfrague but also found nesting under a bridge over the Almonte river along the Trujillo to Monroy road.
Common Swift: Daily records obtained.
Pallid Swift: Found around the towns in the Extremadura region with the best views obtained in Trujillo from the town square.
Kingfisher: Two nesting at Arroyo de la Vid in Monfrague and two at the Embalse de Arrocampo and a single bird at the Embalse de Rosarita.
Bee Eater: Very common especially on roadside wires on the plains.
Roller: Seen on several occasions in the Extremadura region along the plains roads, especially where nest boxes have been erected on telegraph poles.
Hoopoe: Common, seen more or less daily.
Wryneck: Heard only at the Parador de Gredos and the woods around the Chilla sanctuary.
Green Woodpecker: Twice at Puente del Duque in the pine woods and one bird seen at La Lagunilla.
Great Spotted Woodpecker: Common in pine woods.
Calandra Lark: Up to 50 seen on the Belen Plains. Common on the plains and along the Ermita de San Frutos track, mainly in arable areas.
Short-toed Lark: Low numbers on the plains but up to 80 birds at the Ermita de San Frutos.
Crested Lark: Very common.
Thekla Lark: Fairly common, found away from arable land which is preferred by Crested Lark.
Dupont's Lark: Found in numbers of up to 5 along the Ermita de San Frutos track. After the road crosses a dry stream bed it rises sharply then levels for a few hundred yards befor rising again with a less steep gradient. Half way up this incline either side of the road was the best place to find this elusive bird. To get good views drive to a point oposite where the bird is singing from and scan from the car. This method gave us excellent views. Other birders who got out of their cars and tried to find the birds on foot got only distant views or were unsuccessful altogether.
Woodlark: Reasonably common with the best views obtained at the Ermita de San Frutos, at the Puerto del Pico and along the road up to the Plataforma de Gredos.
Skylark: Seen high up the mountain at the Plataforma and at the Ermita de San Frutos only.
Crag Martin: Seen daily with up to 50 birds.
Barn Swallow: Seen daily.
Red-rumped Swallow: Seen daily.
House Martin: Common around habitation.
Tawny Pipit: Several birds seen along the Ermita de San Frutos track.
Tree Pipit: Two birds on the return journey to Madrid.
Water Pipit: Four and two birds at the Plataforma.
Yellow Wagtail (Spanish Race): Four and Eight on the way up to or at the Plataforma.
Grey Wagtail: Fairly common along rivers and streams.
White Wagtail: Seen in ones twos or threes on numerous occasions.
Dipper: Along mountain streams at the Parador and Los Nogal del Barranco.
Wren: Common in suitable habitat, especially in the mountains.
Dunnock: Very common more so at high altitude.
Alpine Accentor: A single bird observed high up at El Nogal del Barranco close to the Victory refuge.
Robin: Very common.
Nightingale: Heard or seen daily with possibly up to 40 birds each day.
Bluethroat: Singing on territory at the Plataforma very close to the path up to the Cirque de Gredos.
Black Redstart: Birds found in rocky areas such as Monfrague but the best views were obtained at the Ermita de San Frutos.
Stonechat: Very common with up to 15 birds seen in one day.
Northern Wheatear: Two birds on the Trujillo to Monroy road but up to 20 birds at the Plataforma de Gredos.
Black-eared Wheatear: Viewed on several occasions with good views along the roadside in Monfrague, on the plains at at the Ermita de San Frutos.
Black Wheatear: A single bird heard and seen at Penafalcon on the rocks on the opposite side of the road to the river close to the parking area with a second bird heard in a small valley south of Valdecanas, close to the walled gardens.
Rock Thrush: Four birds on two dates at the Plataforma. Seen at the car park on the road leading up to and along the Plataforma walk.
Blue Rock Thrush: Fairly common in the Gredos area with birds also seen whilst crossing the Almonte river on the Trujillo to Monroy road and excellent views of a pair carrying food at Penafalcon.
Blackbird: Very common.
Song Thrush: Heard amongst the dawn chorus from the Hostal de Sepulveda.
Mistle Thrush: Occasional sightings throughout the trip.
Cetti's Warbler: Singing birds present at most reedy fringes to embalses, especially the Embalse de Arrocampo.
Zitting Cisticola: Sightings at various embalses and along lowland roadsides such as at the northern rice fields.
Savi's Warbler: Heard and seen only at the Embalse de Arrocampo.
Grasshopper Warbler: One heard reeling along the Gargaligas river.
Sedge Warbler: One bird singing at the Embalse de Arrocampo.
Reed Warbler: A bird seen only at the Embalse de Arrocampo and in good numbers along the River Gargaligas close to the rice fields.
Great Reed Warbler: Singing in full view at any embalse with a reedy fringe.
Melodious Warbler: Probably overlooked but heard and seen around embalses and river valleys and in hedgerows near pasture land such as the Villuercas area.
Dartford Warbler: Brief sightings amongst the broom scrub at the Puerto de Pico and at the Plataforma.
Spectacled Warbler: One singing in broom scrub at the Embalse de Zujar, one at Monfrague and one on the track to the Ermita de San Frutos.
Subalpine Warbler: The commonest Sylvia warbler found in many areas with suitable habitat.
Sardinian Warbler: Not so frequently seen but found in scrub in the Villuercas range and at Casas de Miravette amongst other suitable sites.
Orphean Warbler: Found along the River Tagus (Rio Tajo) at Monfrague only.
Whitethroat: Only seen at Los Nogal del Barranco in small numbers and in much greater numbers along the road up to the Plataform where they are very abundant.
Blackcap: Very common.
Western Bonelli's Warbler: Seen and heard in many woodland areas including Puente del Duque but the largest numbers were found in Pyrrenean Oak woodland on the south side of the Puerto de Navafria on the journey back to Madrid.
Chiffchaff: A single bird at Monfrague.
Wood Warbler: One found in the oak woodland of the Villuercas range and one on route from Trujillo to the Gredos mountains.
Goldcrest : Identified at Puente del Duque and Puerto de Navafria.
Firecrest: Mostly seen in the pine woods in the Gredos mountains such as at Los Nogal del Barranco where good views were obtained.
Pied Flycatcher: Best views obtained at Puente del Duque. Seen on several occasions.
Long-tailed Tit: Common.
Crested Tit: Found in pine woods in the mountains.
Coal Tit: Common in pine woods in the mountains.
Blue Tit: Very common.
Great Tit: Very common.
Nuthatch: Frequent, mainly in pine woods.
Short-toed Treecreeper: Common in woodland areas.
Golden Oriole: Seen most days.
Woodchat Shrike: A common bird throughout.
Southern Grey Shrike: Fairly common throughout.
Jay: Common, mainly in pine woods.
Azure-winged Magpie: Very common.
Magpie: Seen almost daily.
Chough: Abundant in mountain areas with up to 50 seen at the Ermita de San Frutos.
Jackdaw: Frequent sightings with up to 50 in a day.
Carrion Crow: Low numbers seen mainly towards the end of the trip in mountainous areas.
Raven: Seen regularly with up to 22 in a day.
Spotless Starling : In numbers up to 50 in a day.
House Sparrow: Seen almost daily.
Spanish Sparrow: Large numbers on the Trujillo to Monroy road.
Tree Sparrow: Approximately 20 birds in the area around the River Gargaligas.
Rock Sparrow: Low numbers at the River Tamuja, Monfrague, the Parador de Gredos and around 30 birds at the Ermita de San Frutos.
Common Waxbill: Approximately 9 birds found along the Gargaligas river.
Red Avadavat: Four or more birds seen along the River Gargaligas.
Chaffinch: Seen almost daily with up to 20 birds seen.
Serin: Seen almost daily with maximum numbers of up to 20 birds.
Citril Finch: Three in flight at the Parador de Gredos but excellent views of birds at Puerto de Navacerrada and Puerto de Navafria.
Greenfinch: Seen almost daily.
Goldfinch: Seen almost daily.
Linnet: A fairly abundant species.
Common Crossbill : Two at Los Nogal del Barranco and 20 at the Puerto de Navafia.
Hawfinch: Single birds seen at Monfrague and in the valley south of Valdecanas.
Cirl Bunting: Two birds at the dam end of the Embalse de Rosarita and one at the Ermita de San Frutos.
Rock Bunting: Very common in the mountains.
Ortolan Bunting: Observed and heard singing on the road up to the Plataforma de Gredos.
Corn Bunting: Extremely common.

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